Dangers of anti anxiety medication

Added: Heith Stanton - Date: 24.03.2022 02:13 - Views: 37703 - Clicks: 2716

The term anxiety encompasses feelings of worry, fear, and unease.

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Although it is normal to experience some level of anxiety at times, intense or persistent anxiety may be indicative of an anxiety disorder. According Dangers of anti anxiety medication several large surveys, up to Medications are available to treat anxiety disorders. Doctors may prescribe medication alone or in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy CBT Dangers of anti anxiety medication another kind of therapy. In this article, we discuss the main types of anxiety medication and list their risks and side effects.

Several types of medication can treat the symptoms of anxiety. Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs are a type of antidepressantdoctors commonly prescribe them to people with anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD. According to one articledoctors consider SSRIs to be the first-line drug treatment for anxiety. SSRIs work by stopping nerve cells in the brain from reabsorbing serotonin, which is a chemical that plays a vital role in mood regulation. These medications typically begin to take effect within 2 to 6 weeksbut they do not work for everyone.

People usually take SSRIs for up to 12 months to treat anxiety, then gradually reduce the dosage. These drugs are not habit-forming, meaning that they do not usually lead to dependence. People should consult their doctor or physician before they start reducing or stopping their medication. Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors SNRIs are another class of antidepressant that treats depression and anxiety.

Doctors may also prescribe them to treat some chronic pain conditions. Tricyclic antidepressants TCAs are an older class of antidepressant drug. Although they may be effective for the treatment of depression and anxiety, doctors often prescribe SSRIs instead, as they cause fewer side effects. However, TCAs may be useful for some people, especially if other medications do not provide relief. Benzodiazepines are a type of sedative drug that reduces the physical symptoms of anxiety, such as tense muscles.

These drugs also encourage relaxation, and their effects take place within a few minutes. Although they are highly effective for short-term issues, doctors rarely prescribe benzodiazepines because they become less effective over time and can be addictive. Due to these risks, experts suggest that doctors do not prescribe the continuous use of benzodiazepines for more than 1 month. Some people may take benzodiazepines to manage short-term anxiety.

For example, people with a fear of flying may take them before a flight. Many other medicines may help treat anxiety, although doctors usually only prescribe them if SSRIs or similar drugs do not work. Beta-blockers are a common medication for people with high blood pressure and heart conditions. However, doctors may prescribe them off-label for anxiety in certain situations.

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Beta-blockers reduce the effects of norepinephrine, meaning that they can relieve some of the physical symptoms of anxiety. Examples of beta-blockers include atenolol Tenormin and propranolol Inderal.

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Buspirone BuSpar works much more slowly than benzodiazepines and may not treat all types of anxiety disorder, but it causes fewer side effects and has a lower risk of dependency. Monoamine oxidase Dangers of anti anxiety medication MAOIs are one of the earliest types of antidepressant. Doctors may prescribe them off-label to treat the symptoms of panic disorder and social phobia. Types of MAOI include:. Antidepressants and other drugs for anxiety have the potential to cause side effects in some people.

These often resolve after a few weeks, but it is crucial to see a doctor if they are intolerable or do not subside. Some doctors may recommend taking anxiety medications with food to minimize side effects, or taking them before bed, as long as the drug does not interfere with sleep.

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Benzodiazepines also carry certain risks. For example, they can cause physical dependence, even after a short period of use. Withdrawal from benzodiazepines may lead to:. People with asthma should avoid beta-blockers.

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People with diabetes should take them with caution and speak to a doctor about the possible risks. These medications also interact with several other drugs as well as some foods and drinks. Anyone taking MAOIs should ask their doctor for a complete list of the medicines, foods, and drinks that they need to avoid. The United States Food and Drug Administration FDA require all antidepressants to carry a black-box warning relating to the risk of suicide in children and young adults.

People under 25 years of age may experience an increase in suicidal thoughts and behaviors while taking antidepressants, particularly within the first few weeks of use. Anyone experiencing symptoms of an anxiety disorder should see their doctor, who can recommend therapy, medications, or a combination of both. To diagnose an anxiety disorder, doctors will typically carry out a physical examination to check for any underlying conditions and ask a person about their symptoms.

Anxiety is a common condition that affects many people during their lifetime. Several types of medication can treat anxiety, especially in combination with therapy. People who have an anxiety disorder should work with their doctor to find the right treatment plan for their Dangers of anti anxiety medication. If a person notices any side effects from their medication, they should speak to a Dangers of anti anxiety medication or pharmacist. To alleviate side effects, a doctor may adjust the dosage slowly or recommend another medication or form of therapy.

It is essential never to stop taking medication without medical supervision as it may cause withdrawal symptoms. Anxiety and related mental health conditions can cause ear ringing or tinnitus, and tinnitus can exacerbate existing anxiety. Learn more about theā€¦.

Selective mutism is an anxiety disorder that causes an inability to speak in certain situations.

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Learn more about the causes and treatment. After lockdown, many people feel different types of anxiety, including social, health, or work-related stress. Learn ways to overcome this. Caffeine is a stimulant that can cause people to feel anxious. Learn more. Everything you need to know about anxiety medications. Medically reviewed by Zara Risoldi Cochrane, Pharm. Types of anxiety medication Side effects Suicide risk and antidepressants Seeing a doctor Takeaway The term anxiety encompasses feelings of worry, fear, and unease.

Types of anxiety medication. Share on Dangers of anti anxiety medication A doctor may prescribe medication to treat persistent anxiety. Side effects. Suicide risk and antidepressants. Share on Pinterest Anyone experiencing suicidal thoughts should speak to a doctor or therapist. When to see a doctor. Latest news New antiviral drug combo may fight off coronavirus infection. Surgical backlogs: Wire-free breast cancer localization may help.

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How has social media affected mental health during the pandemic? Related Coverage. Anxiety and ringing in the ears: What to know. Medically reviewed by Jeffrey Ditzell, DO. Selective mutism in adults and children Selective mutism is an anxiety disorder that causes an inability to speak in certain situations. Some of the best anxiety books in Medically reviewed by Karin Gepp, PsyD. What to know about caffeine and anxiety.

Dangers of anti anxiety medication

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